As sovereign nations, Tribes are responsible for the overall health and well-being of their members which has led to an increase in the types of public health activities occurring across Indian Country. Although the definition of public health in Indian Country includes a diverse set of activities and services that vary by tribe and region, public health is ultimately the work that is done to improve and maintain the overall health and well-being within Tribal communities as a whole.
Tribes have a vested interest to provide valuable public health services to the communities they serve. Tribal It is, therefore, important to understand the capacity, or range of public health activities occurring among Tribal public health departments and Indian health organizations across the nation to inform the allocation of resources, policy development and advocacy to improve health outcomes among American Indians and Alaska Natives.
Nationally, a great deal of work has been done to assess capacity and performance of local and state public health systems, but little is known about Tribal public health capacity. The last time an assessment of Tribal health department was conducted was in 2009. This assessment resulted in the 2010 Tribal Public Health Profile: Exploring Public Health Capacity in Indian Country. Additional research and assessments were completed by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) through the Public Health Services and System Research Project. The results of these two projects will be used to improve and guide the Public Health in Indian Country Capacity Survey Project.
In July, 2015 the National Indian Health Board (NIHB) received funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Office for State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support (OSTLTS) to conduct a Tribal Public Health Infrastructure Survey to describe the current public health services provided nationally by
NIHB will gather the information from the survey to create a report to Tribal leadership that would move beyond identifying health disparities, but examining the workforce, systems, and infrastructure that exists among American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes to address these health disparities and provide public health services. The end result will be a comprehensive picture of the landscape, and areas of collective strengths and weaknesses.
The report will include important information that will support and guide much of our advocacy work in the areas of policy, funding, technical support, and research on issues related to improving Indian health. Participation of each tribe in the infrastructure survey is critical to provide information about public health activities occurring across Indian Country.
NIHB held four listening sessions in the month of November. These listening sessions were designed to give key stakeholders the opportunity to provide input for the Public Health in Indian Country Capacity Survey (PHICCS) instrument.
NIHB put a call out for Public Health in Indian Country Capacity Survey (PHICCS) Advisory Committee (AC) members. Eight Tribal stakeholders and subject matter experts were selected to guide NIHB through the process by assisting in exploring past efforts by NIHB and other national partners, reviewing information from the 4 listening sessions, drafting a methodology plan and the instrument. Upon completion of the instrument, with feedback from the advisory committee and the CDC, NIHB will pilot test the instrument online.